ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM, ADRESSING THE SOCIAL SPACE IN THE 21ST CENTURY:
SEGREGATION STRATEGIES AND APPROPRIATION TACTICS
The 21st century ushered in a number of new concerns for architecture and urbanism such as a critical review of the disciplines that deal with space conception, subsequent to the ideological vicissitudes of the Modern Movement and Strategic Planning, as well as the new social and economic processes of space production.
The critical renewal of these disciplines is necessary in order to continue to fight for an informed and open-minded transformation of the meanings of the city. There were few transformations in Brazilian cities since the beginning of their industrialization and modernization processes. However, from the end of the 20th century some significant advances in terms of urban policy tools have been apparent.
Nevertheless, this has not led to a socializing and democratic model of urbanization in Brazilian cities. Going beyond the economic and structural resistances of the dual Brazilian society, this research seeks to explore the severe limitations of Brazilian architectural and urban planning conceptions, with special emphasis on approach.
The aim of this research is to understand the urban potential for appropriating new spatial paradigms in projects and urban interventions, defined as promoters of alternative configurations, that is, spatialities that problematize the consolidated relationship between the architectural object and cities.
Leandro Medrano, FAUUSP
Leandro Medrano, FAUUSP
Luiz Recaman, FAUUSP
Gareth Doherty, GSD Harvard (EUA)
Tom Avermaete, Delft University of Technology/TuDelft (Holanda)
Nelson Mota, Delft University of Technology/TuDelft (Holanda)
Carmen Espegel, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid/UPM (Espanha)
José Maria de Lapuerta Montoya,, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid/UPM (Espanha)
Erik Stenberg, Royal Institute of Technology/KTH (Suécia)
Daniel Koch, Royal Institute of Technology/KTH (Suécia)
Lizete Maria Rubano, Mackenzie (Brasil)
SPACE AND SOCIETY IN THE 21ST CENTURY
The XXI century presents a new urban level in the popular demands in the city of São Paulo. Economic growth, rising incomes and low unemployment have altered the city's political agenda, which confronts historically consolidated socio-spatial structures. From an urban and spatial point of view, this recent condition of the largest metropolis in South America has not been critically evaluated.
The objective of this research is to examine the possibilities of urban transformation emerging from this verified political and economic configuration. For this we highlight some urban and social phenomena that may indicate alternatives to traditional (or current) pacts.
This new condition points to specific spatial difficulties of urbanism and architectural discipline, which go beyond historical impediments already analyzed by the local critical tradition.
This project is supported by the following HEIs: Harvard (USA), TU-Delft (Netherlands), ETSAM-UPM (Spain), Harvard (USA) and KTH (Sweden).
HOUSING POLICIES AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT THE PMCMV AND THE CITY OF SÃO PAULO
This research project aims to identify the theoretical and methodological matrices, which define the relationship between architecture and urbanity, of HIS proposals linked to PMCMV. The study will focus on recognized individuals in their disciplinary field. To do so, we will study projects and works elaborated from 2009 that contemplate: (a) dissemination in specialized magazines, or (b) awards in collegiate bodies, or (c) academic distinctions.
SOCIAL HOUSING AND URBANIZATION IN THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF SÃO PAULO
IDEAS OF ARCHITECTURE AND REAL CITY
This research project proposes to identify the spatial patterns underlying social housing projects built in the city of São Paulo from the 1930s until the creation of BNH in 1964. The research proposes: a) spatial analysis of the typologies configured; b) the relation of these typologies with the existing city; c) the transformation of these habitat spaces into the development of the city; d) the reception and incorporation to the discipline of the different alternatives and e) the documentary consolidation of these projects for future researches. The results of these analyzes should contribute to the debate regarding the alternatives and innovations of contemporary urban space.
COLLECTIVE HOUSING NOTEBOOKS
This research project aims to use the GIVCO methodology of analysis of Spanish housing developments for the study of Brazilian and foreign housing production. The result will be the production of Cadernos (CHC) with standardized content that involves images, technical drawings, historical data and quantitative data of the selected projects. This systematized set of information will result in the Collective Housing Notebooks. The project is part of an international cooperation agreement between FAUUSP and ETSAM-UPM (Spain).
AND THE PAULISTA ARCHITECTURE
This project expands the research related to the housing production of the architect Villanova Artigas. It contemplates the questions that surround its projects in the context of formation of the Brazilian architecture and of the metropolis of São Paulo.